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Work values in European comparison: School education and work orientation in nine countries
Authors ; ; ;
SourceTertium comparationis 1 (1995) 2, S. 139-163 ZDB
License of the document In copyright
Keywords (German)Bildung; Einstellung <Psy>; Wertorientierung; Arbeit; Arbeitsmoral; Beruf; Internationaler Vergleich; Europa
sub-disciplineComparative Education
Vocational Education and Training
Document typeArticle (journal)
ISSN0947-9732; 1434-1697
Year of creation
review statusPeer-Reviewed
Abstract (English):The present contribution analyses work values in nine European countries using data from the ISSP study (International Social Survey Programme) conducted in 1989. The fundamental question deals with the influence school education and employment activity have on the evaluation of work attributes at the professional level. This has been achieved by applying a method in which school education in each country is divided into three ordinal categories, producing a standardisation for the nine countries. The resulting groups can then be clearly defined according to the importance awarded to various work values. Similarities between these hierarchies of preference are examined using cluster analysis for ordinal data. An interpretation of the clusters points to a clear determination of work values through the effects of education. Persons with higher education attribute disproportionately more importance to intrinsic values (interesting job, work independently) than is the case for the other levels of education. Those questioned that had low or middle levels of education considered both intrinsic and extrinsic values (job security, high income) important - and showed a distinct tendency to prefer extrinsic characteristics. There are also recognisable national effects that can be said to have less to do with economic parameters than with cultural affiliations such as, for example, a common language... (DIPF/Orig.)
other articles of this journalTertium comparationis Jahr: 1995
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Date of publication16.12.2011
Suggested CitationTarnai, Christian; Grimm, Holger; John, Dirk; Watermann, Rainer: Work values in European comparison: School education and work orientation in nine countries - In: Tertium comparationis 1 (1995) 2, S. 139-163 - URN: urn:nbn:de:0111-opus-28636 - DOI: 10.25656/01:2863
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