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Title
Social background effects in the transition to a doctoral degree. Empirical evidence from a German prospective study
Authors ORCID; GND-ID; GND-ID; GND-ID
SourceResearch in social stratification and mobility (2018) 57, S. 24-34 ZDB
Document  (522 KB) (formally and content revised edition)
License of the document Lizenz-Logo 
Keywords (German)Soziale Herkunft; Einflussfaktor; Wirkung; Übergang; Doktorgrad; Datenanalyse; Sekundäranalyse; Deutschland
sub-disciplineEducational Sociology
Higher Education
Document typeArticle (journal)
ISSN0276-5624
LanguageEnglish
Year of creation
review statusPeer-Reviewed
Abstract (English):This study examines the relationship between social background and the transition to a doctoral degree, based on data from a longitudinal study (N?=?2214) conducted in Germany. Drawing on theoretical concepts developed by Boudon (1974) and Erikson and Jonsson (1996), the study investigates what proportion of the social background effect is transmitted via performance differences (primary effect) and the degree to which mechanisms of a cost-benefit analysis (secondary effect) and educational biographical factors can contribute to the explanation. Tertiary graduates from more highly educated family backgrounds are found to have a higher probability of transitioning to a doctoral programme, especially if they have at least one parent who holds a doctoral degree. The effect decomposition shows that nearly half of the social background effect can be attributed to differences in final secondary school and university marks and to performance on standardised tests. On closer examination, the social background effect can mainly be traced back to differences in final marks and in the choice of subject and type of tertiary institution. (DIPF/Orig.)
additional URLsDOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2018.07.004
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Date of publication28.07.2020
CitationBachsleitner, Anna; Becker, Michael; Neumann, Marko; Maaz, Kai: Social background effects in the transition to a doctoral degree. Empirical evidence from a German prospective study - In: Research in social stratification and mobility (2018) 57, S. 24-34 - URN: urn:nbn:de:0111-pedocs-180844 - DOI: 10.25656/01:18084
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