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Controlling speed in component skills of reading improves the explanation of reading comprehension
Autoren GND-ID ORCID; ORCID; GND-ID ORCID; ORCID
OriginalveröffentlichungThe Journal of educational psychology 113 (2021) 5, S. 861-878 ZDB
Dokument  (857 KB) (formal und inhaltlich überarbeitete Version)
Lizenz des Dokumentes Deutsches Urheberrecht
Schlagwörter (Deutsch)Lesekompetenz; Fertigkeit; Kognitive Prozesse; Leistung; Antwort; Zeit; Wort; Semantik; Text; Leseverstehen; PISA <Programme for International Student Assessment>; Schüler; Messverfahren; Test; Experimentelle Untersuchung; Empirische Untersuchung; Deutschland
TeildisziplinEmpirische Bildungsforschung
DokumentartAufsatz (Zeitschrift)
ISSN0022-0663; 00220663
SpracheEnglisch
Erscheinungsjahr
BegutachtungsstatusPeer-Review
Abstract (Englisch):Efficiency in reading component skills is crucial for reading comprehension, as efficient subprocesses do not extensively consume limited cognitive resources, making them available for comprehension processes. Cognitive efficiency is typically measured with speeded tests of relatively easy items. Observed responses and response times indicate the latent variables of ability and speed. Interpreting only ability or speed as efficiency may be misleading because there is a within-person dependency between both variables (speed-ability tradeoff [SAT]). Therefore, the present study measures efficiency as ability conditional on speed by controlling speed experimentally with item-level time limits. The proposed timed ability measures of reading component skills are expected to have a clearer interpretation in terms of efficiency and to be better predictors for reading comprehension. To support this claim, this study investigates two component skills, visual word recognition and sentence-level semantic integration (sentence reading), to understand how differences in ability in a timed condition are related to differences in ability and speed in a traditional untimed condition. Moreover, untimed and timed reading component skill measures were used to explain reading comprehension. A German subsample from Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2012 completed the reading component skills tasks with and without item-level time limits and PISA reading tasks. The results showed that timed ability is only moderately related to untimed ability. Furthermore, timed ability measures proved to be stronger predictors of sentence-level and text-level reading comprehension than the corresponding untimed ability and speed measures, although using untimed ability and speed jointly as predictors increased the amount of explained variance. (DIPF/Orig.)
zusätzliche URLsDOI: 10.1037/edu0000655
StatistikAnzahl der Zugriffe auf dieses Dokument Anzahl der Zugriffe auf dieses Dokument
PrüfsummenPrüfsummenvergleich als Unversehrtheitsnachweis
Eintrag erfolgte am28.07.2022
QuellenangabeGoldhammer, Frank; Kroehne, Ulf; Hahnel, Carolin; De Boeck, Paul: Controlling speed in component skills of reading improves the explanation of reading comprehension - In: The Journal of educational psychology 113 (2021) 5, S. 861-878 - URN: urn:nbn:de:0111-pedocs-237977 - DOI: 10.25656/01:23797
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